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08-25-2011, 11:17 PM
.Q9: Explain the Committee System of England Parliament.(2001)
Q. write a comprehensive note of the Committee of the House of Commons(19970.
1- Introduction:
The Committee System is employed by all the legislatures of the world. It has become an essential part of legislatures procedure. In U.K. every bill has to go through an appropriate Committee after the second reading. It enables the parliament to dispose of more bills in a time.
2- Committee System In U.K.
Most of the work in the House of Committee is done by the Committees. The proceedings of the Committees are secret in nature and the rules are not rigid.
I. Reasons For Committee System:
Following are the reasons which led to the increasing use of Committee.
(I) House of Committee is a huge body and the true purpose of measures introduced in the House cannot be properly understood unless it assign preliminary work to certain committees.
(II) Complication in the legislation and the desire of the members to speak.
(III) The great pressure of legislative work, which cannot be furnished without help from small Committee.
II. Selection Of Committee:
All the Committee excluding the committee of the whole House are Selected by the Committee of Selection. The members of the Committee are chosen at a conference between the Government and opposition leaders.
3- Kinds Of Committee:
Following are the different Kinds of Committees in U.K.
(I) Committee Of The Whole House
(II) Standing Committees
(III) Select Committees
(IV) Private Bills Committees
(V) Joint Committee
I. Committee Of The Whole House:
It consists of the members of the House of Commons excluding the speaker. It is presided over by the chairman, chosen in the beginning of each parliament. Following are the distinguish features of its meetings which distinguish it from the sitting of the House itself viz.
(i) The rules of procedure are relaxed.
(ii) A member can speak as many times as he like.
(iii) No closure motion can be moved.
(iv) The mace which is the symbol of the speakerí s authority is placed under the table.
A. Types Of Committee Of The Whole House:
Following are the different types of committees of the whole House.
(i) Ordinary Committee of the Whole House on a Bill:
It comes into being when the House resolve than an ordinary bill shall go to the Committee of the whole rather than to a standing Committee or a Select Committee.
(ii) Committee of the Whole House on A Money Resolution:
It deals with the financial legislation and matters.
(iii) Committee of Supply:
It comes into being to discuss the expenditures.
(iv) Committee of Ways and Means:
It comes into being to consider revenue measures.
II. Standing Committee:
It is an important Committee and almost all public bills except money bills go upstairs to a Standing Committee. These are five in number one of which is exclusively for Scottish bills and the other four are know alphabetically as A, B, C and D.
(i) Number of Member:
Each Committee Consists of 16 to 50 members and the speaker appoints the president. The Scottish Committee Consists of all members from Scotland and a few others who have experience or Knowledge of Scottish or welsh affairs. In all other Committees, the Government and the Opposition have proportionate representation.
III. Select Committee:
Select Committee are appointed to discuss about the special bills. These Committees consists of expert persons, which provides the information regarding important affairs and research about the legislation process. They are really Committee of investigation and examination. It collects evidence, examine witnesses Sift evidence and draw up reasoned conclusions and reports to the house.
(i) Number of Member:
A select Committee usually consists of 15 members.
(ii) Kinds of Select Committee:
From the point of view of their existence, there are two kinds of Select Committees.
(a) Ad-hoc Select Committee:
It cease to exist as soon as it work of inquiry has come to an end.
(b) Session Select Committee:
It term lasts a Sessions of the Parliament.
IV. Private Bills Committee:
These are appointed to dispose of the private bill in Parliament. It works quite impartially and its report, whether for or against the bill, is always accepted by the House. In the House of commons, the number members of a private bill Committee is four while in the House of Lords it is five.
V. Joint Committees:
These consists of members from both Houses of Parliament and mutually consult and consider about the bill in a collective way, which relates to the both Houses.
4- Conclusion:
To conclude, I can say that Committee stage is very important in the life of a proposed bill after the second reading, the bill is handed over to one of concerned Committee so that detail views of bill may be completed and the House considers the bill later at the report stage in the light of the report of the Committee.