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vustudents
08-13-2012, 05:57 PM
Q. Describe the procedure of electing the speaker of national assembly. What are his powers.
(2002/S)
Q. Write a detailed note on speaker of the national assembly. (1995/A) (1997/A)
1. Introduction:
Speaker is the presiding office of the national assembly. speaker enjoys great respect in the house. In Pakistan speaker is impartial person. before the transaction of any business speaker and deputy speaker are chosen by the members of assembly. he has to preside the house and see that the house is properly constituted before its proceeds to business.
2. Relevant provisions:
Article 53 constitution of Pakistan.
3. Position of speaker under the constitution of 1973:
Speaker is elected by the house under the constitution of 1973. when assembly is dissolved the speaker is automatically dismissed. speaker possesses many power and allows or disallows motion amendment in a bill.
4. Qualification:
He should be member of national assembly.
5. Procedure of election for speaker:
According to Article 53 of the constitution the speaker and deputy speaker shall be elected in the first assembly session after the general election.
6. Term of office:
Term of office of the speaker is usually 5 years.
7. Other of office:
Speaker shall take oath of office before assembly.
8. Resign from office:
The speaker may, by writing under his hand addressed to the president resign his office.
9. Privileges of Speaker:
Speaker receives quite a handsome emolument. he is also provided with free accommodation, transport and various other facilities.
10. Powers and function of speaker of the national assembly:
Power and functions of speaker of the national assembly:
(i) Judging the validity and money bill:
It is the power of speaker to judge the validity of money bill. he decides whether a bill is money bill or otherwise.
(ii) Preside the session of house:
It is the most important duty of the speaker to preside over the house.
(iii) Maintenance of Disciplines:
Speaker has power to maintain the discipline of the house.
(iv) Casting vote:
Speaker has no right to vote but when there is equality votes he can use his vote.
(v) Grant permission of questions:
Speaker is empowered to grant permission of question to members in the house.
(vi) Approves or over rules adjournment motion:
Speaker can approve or over-rule the adjournment motion in the house.
(vii) Acting president:
In absence of chairman of senate. speaker is officiating president.
(viii) Summon the session of national assembly:
Speaker is empowered to summon the session of national assembly on the request of one forth of total members of the assembly.
11. Nature of office speaker:
The office of the speaker is permanent in nature and when the national assembly is dissolved the will continue to hold his office till the new assembly is elected and chooses its speaker.
12. Removal or termination of speaker:
The assembly shall give the notice of resolution of non confidence seven days earlier. if the resolution is passed by the majority of the total membership, the speaker shall cease to hold the office and when such resolution is under process the speaker can not preside over the house.
13. When office of speaker is vacant:
Speaker office may fall vacant in the following situations.
(i) If he resigns.
(ii) He loses his seat assembly.
(iii) Assembly passes a resolution for vote of non confidence against him.
In the absence of speaker, the deputy speaker will be presiding officer.
14. Conclusion:
To conclude I can say that speaker is the presiding officer of national assembly. he is elected by the house. he is not a party man. his most important function is to preside over the assembly and maintain discipline in the house.