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Thread: Q. Discuss the salient features of the late constitution 1956 of the Islamic

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    Word Icon 35px Jpg.ashx Q. Discuss the salient features of the late constitution 1956 of the Islamic

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    Q. Discuss the salient features of the late constitution 1956 of the Islamic republic of Pakistan. (1995-A) (1997-A)(2000-A)
    Q. Describe the salient features of the constitution of 1956 and the reasons for its failure. (1995-S)
    Q. Discuss salient features of 1956 constitution. (2001-A) (2004) (2005)
    1. Introduction:

    When Pakistan came into being, the Government of India act 1935 was adopted as an interim constitution with changes made to meet the requirements of the new state of Pakistan.
    2. Constitution of 1956:
    The constitution of 1956 was put in March 23 1956 and was abrogated because it could not operate smoothly.
    3. Salient features of the constitution of 1956:
    The salient features of the constitution of 1956 are us under:
    (i) Nature:
    The of the constitution of 1956 is fundamentally British.
    (ii) Uni-Cameral Legislature:
    The central legislature consisted on one house only which was called the national assembly. no second house was there.
    (iii) Federal system:
    According to the constitution of the federal system was introduced in the country.
    (iv) Parliamentary system:
    The constitution of 1956 provided parliamentary form of Govt. the prime minister enjoyed more powers than president.
    (v) Written:
    The constitution of 1956 is written in form. it consisted 13 chapter, 234 sections and 5 schedules.
    (vi) Freedom of judiciary:
    The constitution of 1956 recognized the independence of judiciary. the supreme court of Pakistan was entitled to explain and interpret the constitution.
    (vii) Fundamental Rights:
    Fundamental rights of the people were guaranteed in the constitution and these were to be protected by the courts of law.
    (viii) Rights of Minorities:
    The constitution of 1956 protects the rights of minorities so that they may perform their religious obligation freely.
    (ix) Supremacy of Islamic laws:
    In the constitution of 1956, Shariah was declared the basis for legislative system of Pakistan.
    (x) Directive principles of the state policy:
    The constitution laid down certain directive principles of state policy for the guidance of the Government. they would serve simply as ideals which the state should strive to achieve.
    (xi) Emergency powers of the president:
    In the constitution of 1956 it was the discretion of the president to declare the emergency.
    (xi) Emergency powers of the president:
    In the constitution of 1956 it was the discretion of the president to declare the emergency.
    (xii) Official Language:
    Urdu and Bangla were made official languages of Pakistan. it was also declared English to remain as office language for a maximum period 25 years.
    (xiii) Name of The country:
    The country was named as "Islamic republic of Pakistan" in the constitution of 1956.
    (xiv) Islamic provisions:
    The objectives resolution was included as a preamble of the constitution. Islam was the state's religion.
    (xv) Lengthy constitution:
    The constitution of 1956 was a lengthy one. the reason for its being lengthy was that the framer not only framed the fundamental principles but administrative details were also given.
    (xvi) Party rigid:
    The constitution of 1956 is partly rigid and partly flexible. the method of amendment was not difficult.
    (xvii) Presidential form:
    The constitution of 1956 adopted certain features of presidential from of Government.
    (xviii) Direct election:
    In the constitution of 1956 the method of direct election was adopted in the country.
    (xix) Single citizenship:
    There was only single citizenship in the country.
    5. Causes for the failure of 1956 constitution:
    The constitution of 1956 was failed because it could not operate smoothly and the spirit of the constitution was not respected by the rulers of the country.
    (i) Lack of leadership:
    Lack of leadership also played its role in the failure of the constitution.
    (ii) Method of election:
    The method of election which was adopted was falty. it was not finally decided on electorate issue.
    (iii) Leak of political training:
    there was lack of political training in the country. they type of democracy introduced by the constitution of Pakistan was aline to the people.
    (iv) Role of political parties:
    The role of political parties were not healthy as well as they were not well ordered and disciplined.
    (v) Lack of state parliamentary system:
    The parliamentary system was not well developed in the country because it was not based upon the principles which presence would crate a democratic society.
    (vi) Non-Existence of economic equality:
    Non-Existence economic equality in the country was also the main cause of the failure of the constitution.
    (vii) Weakness of the constitution:
    While drafting the constitution, the backwardness of Pakistan was not taken into account but the circumstances of the land of the foreign rulers were kept.
    (viii) Undue interference of the head of the state:
    Undue interference by the head of the state with the ministers and with the political parties resulted the failure of the constitution.
    (x) Feudalism:
    The attempt to abolish feudalism was not at all made in the constitution of 1956.
    6. Conclusion:
    To conclude I can say that; the constitution of 1956 was enforced on 23 March 1956. it provided parliamentary from of Government. it was republic in character. president was elected in the joint session of national assembly and provincial assemblies. the constitution was abrogated on October 8 1958 because it could not operated in the country. he has such powers and function as are conferred on him by the constitution and law.

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