# Thread: Solved Paper CS601 Data Communication Spring 2009 Final Term

1. ## Solved Paper CS601 Data Communication Spring 2009 Final Term

FINALTERM EXAMINATION
Spring 2009
CS601- Data Communication

Time: 120 min
Marks: 80

Question No: 1 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
Which is not an element of protocol

► semantics
► timing
communication service module

Question No: 2 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
Layers 5, 6 and 7 also called as network support layers.

True
► False

Question No: 3 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
Fourier transform tells us that any digital signal can be decomposed into infinite number of periodic signals

True
► False

Question No: 4 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
Time domain plot show changes in signal phase with respect to time.

True
► False

Question No: 5 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
Analog to digital conversion is also termed as modulating an analog signal.

► True
False

Question No: 6 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
DC component is also termed as Direct current component or a component with non-zero frequency.

► False
True

Question No: 7 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
Manchester is a type of ____________encoding.

biphase
► polar
► biphase & polar
► none of the given

Question No: 8 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
The inversion of the level at 1 bit is called as __________

► NRZ-L
NRZ-I
► RZ

Question No: 9 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
PCM is the first process of PAM.

► True
False

Question No: 10 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
In 4PSK each phase change represents ______bits.

► 3
► 6
2
► 4

Question No: 11 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
In RS 422 Balanced mode two lines carry ________ signals which are not identical to each other.

same
► different
► digital
► analog

Question No: 12 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
A ______________ converts an analog signal into a digital signal.

► Demodulator
► Modulator
► Digital-to-analog converter

Question No: 13 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
Which of the following is an example of ITU-T modem standards:

► T-series
► X-series
► N-series
V-series

Question No: 14 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one

► 26.6 Kbps
33.6 Kbps
► 36.6 Kbps
► 46.6 Kbps

Question No: 15 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
Which of the following primarily uses guided media

► Cellular telephone system
Local telephone system
► Satellite communication

Question No: 16 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
When a beam of light travels through media of two different densities, if the angle of incidence is greater than the critical angle, ____________occurs.

Reflection
► Refraction
► Incidence
► Criticism

Question No: 17 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
When we talk about unguided media, usually we are referring to _________.

► Metallic wires
► Nonmetallic wires
The air
► Water

Question No: 18 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
Optical fibers are defined by the ratio of the ___________ of their core to the diameter of their cladding.

Diameter
► Length
► Width

Question No: 19 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
All of popular Fiber optic connectors are ___________ shaped.

► Conical
Barrel
► Circular
► Rectangular

Question No: 20 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
Radio wave transmission utilizes ___________ different types of propagation.

► Four
► Three
► Two
Five

Question No: 21 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
dB is ____________ if a signal is amplified.

Negative
► Positive
► Null
► Zero

Question No: 22 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
A prism can deflect the light depending upon the angle of ____________ and the frequency.

Deviation
► Incident
► Refraction
► Reflection

Question No: 23 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
Asynchronous TDM is efficient only when the size of the time slot is kept relatively _______________

Large
► Small
► Medium
► None of the given

Question No: 24 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
The local loop has ___________ cable that connects the subscriber telephone to the nearest end office.

Twisted-pair
► Coaxial
► Fiber-optic
► None of the given

Question No: 25 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
Data from a computer are ____________; the local loop handles _________ signals.

► Analog; analog
► Analog; digital
► Digital; digital
Digital; analog

Question No: 26 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
Which error detection method uses ones complement arithmetic?

► Simple parity check
► Two-dimensional parity check
► CRC
Checksum

Question No: 27 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
Flow control is needed to prevent ____________

► Bit errors
Overflow of the sender buffer
► Overflow of the receiver buffer
► Collision between sender and receiver

Question No: 28 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
____________ coordinates the amount of data that can be sent before receiving acknowledgment

► flow control
► error control
► data control

Question No: 29 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
Error control is both error _________ and error ___________

► detection; correction
► detection; deletion
► detection; avoidance
► detection; forwarding

Question No: 30 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
Addressing is not needed in _______________ configuration.

► Point to Point
► Multipoint
► Point to point and multipoint

Question No: 31 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
In a Go-Back-N ARQ, if the window size is 63, what is the range of sequence number?

0 to 63
► 0 to 64
► 1 to 63
► 1 to 64

Question No: 32 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
A timer is set when ___________ is sent out.

► A data frame
An ACK
► A NAK

Question No: 33 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
Sliding window requires that data frames be transmitted _______________

Sequentially
► Frequently
► Synchronously
► Asynchronously

Question No: 34 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
In Y-MODEM Multiple files can be sent simultaneously

True
► False

Question No: 35 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
BLAST stands for :

Blocked asynchronous transmission
► Blocked synchronous transmission
► Barrel asynchronous transmission
► Below asynchronous transmission

Question No: 36 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
HDLC is an acronym for ______________.

► High-duplex line communication
► Host double-level circuit

Question No: 37 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
The HDLC ___________ field defines the beginning and end of a frame.

Flag
► Control
► FCS

Question No: 38 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
_________ is the access protocol used by traditional Ethernet.

CSMA/CD
► CSMA/CA
► Token Ring
► CSMA

Question No: 39 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
Bridges can divide a large ________ into smaller segments

Network
► Packet
► Frame

Question No: 40 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
Like VRC, LRC and CRC, Checksum is also based on _______________.

Redundency
► Decimal Division
► Encryption
► Encoding

Question No: 41 ( Marks: 2 )
What are the conditions for the polynomial used by the CRC generator?

CRC generator:

CRC generator (the divisor) is most often represented not as a1’s and 0’s but as an algebraic polynomial.
conditions for the polynomial:
it should have following properties:
It should not be divisible by “x”.
It should not be divisible by “x+1”.
The first condition guarantees that all burst error of a length equal to degree of the polynomial is detected.
The 2nd condition guarantees that all burst error affecting an odd number of bits are detected.

Question No: 42 ( Marks: 2 )
What are intelligent modems?
Intelligent modems:

A modem that responds to commands and can accept new instructions during online transmission. It was originally developed by Hayes.
Example:
• Dialing etc.

Question No: 43 ( Marks: 2 )
What is the basic purpose of Router?

Basic purpose of Router:

"A router is a device that extracts the destination of a packet it receives, selects the best path to that destination, and forwards data packets to the next device along this path. They connect networks together;
a LAN to a WAN for example, to access the Internet.
"A more precise definition of a router is a computer networking device that interconnects separate logical subnets."

Question No: 44 ( Marks: 3 )
What are the fractional T Lines?

The fractional T Lines:

Many subscribers don’t need the entire capacity of the T-line.
For example,
A small business may need only one-fourth of the capacity of T-line. if four business of same size lie in the same building, they can share T-line.DSU/CSU allow the capacity of T-line to be interleaved in to four channels

Question No: 45 ( Marks: 3 )
What are the light sources used for optic fiber?

• light sources used for optic fiber:
• The light source can weather be an LED or ILD
• LED (Light emitting diode) cheaper but provide unfocused light that strikes the boundaries of channel at uncontrollable angles.
• Limited to short distance use.
• LASSER
• Can be focused to a narrow range allowing control over angle of incidence.

Question No: 46 ( Marks: 3 )
What is Multi Access Unit (MAU) in Token Ring?
Multi Access Unit (MAU) in Token Ring:

• Individual automatic switches are combined in to a hub
• One MAU can support up to 8 stations.
• Although it looks like a star, it is in fact a ring.

Question No: 47 ( Marks: 5 )
Give characteristics of Dual Ring, if necessary then draw the diagram. [5]

Characteristics of Dual Ring:

A network topology in which two concentric rings connect each node on a network instead of one network ring that is used in a ring topology. Typically, the secondary ring in a dual-ring topology is redundant. It is used as a backup in case the primary ring fails. In these configurations, data moves in opposite directions around the rings. Each ring is independent of the other until the primary ring fails and the two rings are connected to continue the flow of data traffic.

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Question No: 48 ( Marks: 5 )
What the receiver will receive if the checksum method is applied to the following
bit.
10101001 00111001

Ans:

the receiver will receive the checksum method is applied to the following bit.
10101001 00111001
10101001 00111001
Sum of 2 bits are
10101001
00111001
-------------------
11100010
00011101 1's complement
1
--------------
00011110 2's complement
-----------
10101001 00111001 ==> 00011110

So the data transmitted which will receiver get:
10101001 00111001 00011110

Question No: 49 ( Marks: 5 )
What is rafraction in terms of optic fiber? Give one example.

Refraction:

Light travels in a straight line as long as it is moving through a single uniform structure If a ray of light traveling through one substance enters another (more or less dense) substance, its speed changes abruptly causing the ray to change direction. This phenomenon is called Refraction.

Refraction in terms of optic fiber:

the propagation of light in an optical fiber which in its simplest form consists of a circular core of uniform refractive index surrounded by a cladding of slightly lower refractive index. The light is launched into the entrance face of the fiber.
The light is propagated by the total internal reflection at the interface between core and cladding. However the rays incident at angles larger than a certain angle, called the cut-off angle, suffer both refraction and reflection at the interface between the core and the cladding.
They, therefore, are not guided. Due to this the optical fiber has a numerical aperture. The numerical aperture is given by the square root of (n12-n22). Typical values of numerical aperture lie between 0.1 and 0.3.

The refractive indices of the core and the cladding are n1 and n 2 respectively. The fiber is normally in air (n0=1) but could also be in a medium of refractive index n0.

Question No: 50 ( Marks: 10 )
What are the asynchronous protocols in data link layer? Discuss in detail with examples. [10 marks]
Asynchronous protocols in data link layer:

Asynchronous communication at the data link layer or higher protocol layers is known as statistical multiplexing or packet mode communication,
For example :
Asynchronous transfer mode (ATM). In this case the asynchronously transferred blocks are called data packets,
Async protocols in Data link layer is called statistical multiplexing. for example ATM cells.
The opposite is circuit switched communication, which provides constant bit rate, for example ISDN and SONET/SDH.
The packets may be encapsulated in a data frame, with a frame synchronization bit sequence indicating the start of the frame, and sometimes also a bit synchronization bit sequence, typically 01010101, for identification of the bit transition times. Note that at the physical layer, this is considered as synchronous serial communication.
Examples of packet mode data link protocols that can be/are transferred using synchronous serial communication are the
• HDLC,
• Ethernet,
• PPP and
• USB protocols.

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Solved Final Term Paper of CS601

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