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Thread: Write an essay on the Kashmir issue between Pakistan and India

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    Write an essay on the Kashmir issue
    Since the partition of subcontinent in 1947 into two independent states, Pakistan and India, the political situation in the region has been volatile. Both these countries have strained relations and have fought two major wars resulting in the cession of East Pakistan. The real bone of contention between the two countries is Kashmir. The people of Kashmir have expressed their desire to accede to Pakistan but India creates hurdles in the fulfillment of their desire. The state of Jammu and Kashmir came into existence in 1848. Gulab Singh, Dogra Rajpot, bought it for RS. 7500000 from Lord Lawrence. The state has an area of 84,471 square miles. It has 902 miles long border with Pakistan and with India 317 miles only. The three main rivers of Pakistan, namely, the Indus, the Jhelum and the Chenab are their sources in Kashmir. The two roads that link Kashmir with the rest of the world also lie through Pakistan. More than 80% of the people of Jammu and Kashmir are Muslims. Thus geographically, culturally, economically and religiously Kashmir is an integral part of Pakistan. But India has never accepted this fact. The result is that Kashmir has become an apple of discord between Pakistan and India. The Kashmiris were leading a miaerable life. They were treated as slaves. They had no status in society. They were always at the mercy of the Dogras and the Hindus of the state. The result of this suppression and oppression was that the people of Jammu and Kashmir stood against the Maharaja’s rule in 1930. The Maharaja tried to suppress this movement. He succeeded in crushing the rebellions for the time being, but he could succeed is sowing the seed of love in the hearts of the Kashmiris for the Hindus. According to the partition plan of June 3, 1847, it was decided that on the withdrawal of British power the Indian states would be free to join either India or Pakistan or remain independent. Lord Mountbatten advised the princes of those states to accede to India or to Pakistan bearing in mind three main points:
    (1) The geographical position of the state.
    (2) The composition of the population.
    (3) The wishes of the people.
    Had this advice been acted upon, Kashmir would have become a part of Pakistan. But the Maharaja Hari Sing ignored the wishes of the people and entered into a conspiracy with Hinds leadership in Delhi and acceded to India. Maharaja’s conspiracies against the Muslim majority unleashed the feelings of annoyance and revolt. But India’s urge to maintain her hegemony over other states has blinded her to all norms of justice and co-existence. It kept its control on Kashmir through selfish, insincere and faithless leaders like Sheikh Abdullah and his stooges. The Kashmir dispute cannot be solved unless the India government changes its attitude and comes to the conference table with an open mind. The people of Kashmir should be given the right to decide their future by themselves. And if they decide to establish their own independent state acceding neither to India nor to Pakistan and India should accept their decision heartedly. India and Pakistan, two nations united by history but divided by destiny, has travelled a long way in an attempt to bring peace to the highly volatile valley. Peace is still a “far sighted dream” which every Kashmiri nurtures in their minds. India’s impassivity and stubbornness have transformed Kashmir valley, once an epitome of romance and beauty to a land with painful tales of human suffering and mayhem. War brings with it death and misery. Victory comes at the cost of life, and defeat again at the cost of life.

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