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Dr.Muhammad Iqbal is the greatest muslim thinker and poet
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of this century.He was bron at Sialkot on 9th of November
1877.His ancestors had migrated from Kashmir some two
hundred years before .His father Sheikh Nur Muhammad
was a mystic from whom Iqbal inhcrited mvsticim and
deep love for religion.He received his early education
at a local high school and passed his intermediate
examination from Murrey College.He had the good fortune
of studying Arabic.Persian and Islamyat under the inspiring
guidance of Syed Mir Hussan.He proceeded to Lahore for
higher studies and joined the Goverment College .There he
came under the influence of Dr.Arnold who inspired him to
study Philosophy in 1899.he obtained his master,s degree
in philosophy and joined the teaching staff of the
Goverment college.He went Europe in 1905 for higher
studies in Philosopy and Law.He obtained his Ph D in
philosophy from Germany.He was called to Bar in 1908 and
he returned to India the same year.His stay in Europe was
of great importance.It influenced him in many ways.He came
into contact with the contemporary Philosophical and Political
thought but the westren civilization and materialism found no
favour with him.On his return.he return and creative poet philosophy
and religion.He was an inspired and creative poet.He had already
written some poems wich had been favourably received by critics and
readers alike now he began to write in both persian anr urdu.He did
not believe in art for ar's sake for him poetry was only a medrum for
expressing his philosophical ideas.religious beliefs and political message.
He published many volumes of poetry-Bang-i-Dara,Bali-Jabril,Zarb-i-Kaleem,
Asrar-i-Khudi,Ramooz-i-Bekhudi,Payam-i-Mashraq,Jawaid Nama and Zaboori-i-Ajam
all of these have become classics of literature.He was deeply interested in
religion he delivered six lectures at Madras.which were later published under
the title reconstruction of religious thought in islam.In 1930,Iqbal presided
over the Allahabad Session of the All-India Muslim League and delivered his
famous presided address in which he asserted that the only solution of the
problems of the Indian Muslim was a separate Muslim state.This was the first
demand for Pakistan.But he did not live to see the emergence of the new state.
He died in 1938.It was nine years after his death that Pakistan was achieved.
Iqbal's genius was fully recognized by his nation in his lifetime.He was
immensely popular among all sections of Muslim.All sorts of people-Politicans,
mystics journalists and students-came to him for guidance and inspiration.
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