Since the partition of Subcontinent in 1947 into two independent
states,Pakistan and India,the political situation in the region
has been volatile.Both these countries have strained relations
and fought two major wars resulting in the cession of East Pakistan.
The real bone of contention between the two countries is Kashmir.
The people of Kashmir have expressed their desire to accede to
Pakistan but India creates hurdles in the fulfilment of their desire.
The state of Jammu and Kashmir came into existence in 1848.Gulab Singh.
Dogra Rajpot,bought it for Rs.7500000,from Lord Lawrence.The state has
an area of 84,471 square miles.It has 902 miles long border with
Pakistan and with India 317 miles only.The three main rivers of
Pakistan,namely,the Indus,the Jhelum and the Chenab are their
sources in Kashmir.The two roads that link Kashmir with the redt
of the world also lie through Pakistan.More than 80% of the
people of Jummu and kashmir are Muslims.Thus geographically,
culturally,economically and religiously Kashmir is an integral
part of Pakistan.But India has never accepted this fact.The
result is that Kashmir has become an apple of discord between
Pakistan and India.The Kashmiris were leading a miserable life.
They were treated as slaves.They had no status in society.They
were always at the mercy of the Dogras and Hindus of the state.
The result of this suppression and oppression was that the
people of Jammu and Kashmir stood against the Maharaja's rule
in 1930.The Maharaja tried to suppress time being,but he cuuld not
succeed in sowing the seed of love in the hearts of the Kashmiris
for the Hindus.According to the partition plan of June 3,1847,it
was decided that on the withdrawal of British power the Indian
states would be free to join either India or Pakistan or remain
independent.Lord Mountbatten advised the princes of those states
to accede to India or to Pakistan bearing in mind three main points:
(1) The geographical position of the state.
(2)The composition of the state.
(3) The wishes of the people.
Had this advice been acted upon,Kashmir would have become a part of
Pakistan.But the Maharaja Hari Sing ignored the wished of the people
and entered into a conspiracy with Hindu leadership in Delhi and
acceded to India.

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