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Thread: Q. What form of Government was established under the constitution of 1962?

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    Word Icon 35px Jpg.ashx Q. What form of Government was established under the constitution of 1962?

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    Q. What form of Government was established under the constitution of 1962? What were the causes of its failure. (1996-A) (1995) (2005) (2006)
    1. Introduction:

    The 1962 constitution was drafted by a team appointed by Ayub Khan. all work was done secretly and than all of sudden the constitution was enforced in the country.
    2. Form of Govt. Established under the constitution of 1962:
    Under the constitution of 1962 presidential form of Government was introduced in the country. it was one of the most significant change in the constitutional History of Pakistan. the president had great powers. he had strong position. in fact the office of the president was key officer of the state.
    3. Causes for Failure of 1962 constitution:
    Causes for failure of 1962 constitution are as under.
    (i) Constitution given by one Man:
    The constitution 1962 was given by one man. it was forcibly imposed on the country.
    (ii) Presidential Dictatorship:
    The constitution of 1962 set up presidential dictatorship in the country resultantly it was failed.
    (iii) Absence of the system of checks and balances:
    The system of cheeks and balances was about in the constitution of 1962.
    (iv) Indirect Elections:
    The method of elections in the constitution of 1962 was indirect. it was not proper for the country like Pakistan.
    (v) Lack of Provincial Autonomy:
    Provinces were not given autonomy. the center was more powerful. this clash of powers failed the constitution.
    (vi) Negation of fundamental rights:
    In the original constitution there was absence of the concept of the fundamental rights but it was included late on.
    (vii) Political Causes:
    There were many political causes for the failure of the constitution for example non-existence of political consciousness as well as negative attitude of political parties.
    (viii) Negation of Islamic ideology:
    The 1962 constitution promised to propagate an Islamic way of life in Pakistan so that Muslim could proceed with their lives according to Holy Quran and Sunnah but practically it was failed.
    (ix) System of Basic Democracies:
    The constitution of 1962 introduced a system of basic democracies but this was most complicated and undemocratic.
    (x) Unjust Distribution of powers between center and provinces:
    The distribution of powers between provinces and center was not just.
    4. Conclusion:
    To conclude I can say that; the constitution of 1962 introduced presidential government in the country. it provided the dictatorial powers and made him the most powerful president. the constitution of 1962 caused dissatisfaction amongst the country resultantly it was abrogated.

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