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Thread: HRM627- Human Resource Development (Session - 1) fall 2010 on 17-02-2011

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    HRM627- Human Resource Development (Session - 1) fall 2010 on 17-02-2011

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    Question No: 2 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
    The senses which are more commonly used to define things are:
    Taste, auditory and vision
    Vision, smell and taste
    Vision, auditory and touch(Not Sure)
    Vision, auditory and smell
    Question No: 4 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
    Which of the followings is part of the attitude that refers to the beliefs, opinions, knowledge or information held by a person?
    Cognitive component
    Behavioral component
    Affective component
    Environmental component
    Page 5
    The cognitive component of an attitude is made up of the beliefs, opinions,
    knowledge, or information held by a person.
    Question No: 5 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
    The statement “Married people are stable employees” can be an example of which of the following?
    ► Halo effect
    ► Stereotyping
    ► Assumed similarity
    ► Selectivity
    Page 10
    When we judge someone on the basis of our perception of a group he or she is part of, we’re using the shortcut called stereotyping. For instance, “married people are more stable employees than single persons”
    Question No: 6 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
    A need that is satisfied when a person is recognized by the boss for doing a good job is __________.
    Safety need
    Esteemneed
    Self-actualizationneed(Not sure)
    Social need
    Question No: 10 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
    Which of the following is excluded from the threads of corporate excellence?
    ► Strategic orientation
    ► Top management leadership style
    ► Organizational design
    Corporate vision
    Page 40
    the need for ‘organizational excellence’ focus is realized to be more than any other time in industrial history. Recent research has identified four threads of corporate excellence (Daft, 2000, pp. 483). These include, strategic orientation (customer-driven, fast in responding, ability to establish interorganizational links), top management leadership style (leadership vision, bias towards action & change), organization design (horizontal structure, empowerment of employees, use of electronic technology & e-commerce) and, corporate culture (creating a climate of trust, sharing information, encouraging productivity through people).
    Question No: 11 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
    A HDI (Human Development Index) _____________ is considered to represent low development.
    ► Below 0.5
    ► 0.8 or more
    ► Between 0 and 1
    ► Below 0
    Page 66
    A HDI below 0.5 is considered to represent low development and 29 of the 31 countries
    Question No: 12 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
    “Doing an activity or behavior voluntarily for its own sake, for the inherent satisfaction and pleasure derived from participation” well defines:
    ► Intrinsic Motivation
    ► Extrinsic Motivation
    ► Conscientiousness
    ► Machiavellianism
    Page 17
    “intrinsic motivation refers to doing an activity or behavior voluntarily for its own sake, and the inherent pleasure and satisfaction derived from participation, while extrinsic motivation refers to activities engaged in as a means to an end such as, to gain reward or avoid criticism, rather than for satisfaction of the activity itself.”
    Question No: 13 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
    Freedom House generally uses ______ criteria for its reports.
    ► Economic growth measure
    ► Standard geographic regions
    ► Developed and underdeveloped countries measure
    ► High / low GNP measure
    Page 69
    Freedom House generally uses standard geographic regions for its reports, though it groups the countries of the Middle East and North Africa together, separately from Sub-Saharan Africa; and it still uses the arguably outdated concept of Western Europe, to include countries such as Turkey and Cyprus, while categorizing Central and Eastern Europe separately
    Question No: 14 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
    Which concept in Human Resource Development clearly elaborates quality of life?
    ► GNP
    ► GDP
    ► GNH
    ► Gini coefficient
    Page 73
    GROSS NATIONAL HAPPINESS
    Gross National Happiness (GNH) is an attempt to define quality of life in more holistic and psychological terms than Gross National Product.
    Question No: 15 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
    All of the following are the implementation methodologies for HRD strategies, EXCEPT:
    ► Reducing unemployment
    ► Involvement of NGO’s
    ► Mobilization of resources
    Professional governance (Doubted)
    Question No: 16 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
    Nongovernmental organizations are :
    Homogenous group
    Target group
    Heterogeneous group
    Diversified group
    Page 76
    Nongovernmental organizations are a heterogeneous group.
    Question No: 17 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
    BINGO stands for:
    Business-oriented industrial NGO
    Best operated international NGO
    Business-oriented international NGO
    ► Biggest international NGO
    Page 76
    • BINGO is short for business-oriented international NGO;
    Question No: 18 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
    <img width="589" height="1">The major concern of adult literacy rate is about:
    Motivating the parents
    Motivating the learners
    Motivating the friends
    Motivating the children
    Page 89
    Problems of Adult Literacy
    The major problem has been in motivating the learners to learn.
    Question No: 19 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
    Which approach emphasizes general mobilization of the public?
    The general literacy approach
    The mass campaign approach
    The conscientisation approach
    Functional literacy approach
    Page 90
    The Mass Campaign Approach
    • Articulation of the national political will
    • Development of a comprehensive policy making and legal organ
    • Study and diagnosis of preconditions
    • General mobilization of the public
    • Establishment of structures of mass participation
    • Development of inter ministerial and inter agency structures
    • Implementation of developmental and instructional plan
    • Evaluation of context, process and results
    • Design and establishment of post literacy programs
    Question No: 20 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
    According to __________ of the firm, a firm’s competitive strategies and performance depend significantly on its organizational resources and capabilities.
    ► Competitive view
    ► Resource-based view
    ► Isolating mechanism
    ► Developmental view
    Page 99
    According to resource-based view of the firm, a firm’s competitive strategies and performance depend significantly on its organizational resources and capabilities (Barney, 1991; Grant, 1991).
    Question No: 21 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
    Which of the following is an alternative term used for Self-help organizations?
    Non-governmental organization
    Economic forum
    Social forum
    Trade organization
    Page 76
    Apart from 'NGO' often alternative terms are used as for example independent sector, volunteer sector, civil society, grassroots organizations, transnational social movement organizations, private voluntary organizations self-help organizations and non-state actors (NSAs).
    Nongovernmental organizations are a heterogeneous group. A long list of acronyms has developed around the term 'NGO'.
    Question No: 22 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
    Environmental degradation has a direct impact on:
    ► Poverty
    ► Human misery
    ► Income level
    ► Human health
    Page 60
    Lesson 20
    Question No: 23 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
    The country having the highest HDI percentage change amongst the Middle Eastern countries is:
    Oman
    Algeria
    Kuwait
    ► UAE
    Question No: 24 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
    Disclosure to partners of all relevant information and strict adherence to the important principles of cooperation relates to:
    Successful Negotiation Process
    Openness and Binding Commitment
    Mutual Trust
    Suitability of the Resources
    Partnership Principles
    1. Openness and Binding Commitment: Disclosure to partners of all relevant information and strict
    adherence to the important principles of cooperation.
    Question No: 31 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
    Which of the following is included in basic sciences?
    ► Agriculture
    ► Earth sciences
    ► Minerals exploitation
    ► Chemistry
    Question No: 32 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
    The potential providers of service were required to bid a cash value to acquire the franchising of train services in Great Britain after which of the following?
    ► Centralization
    ► Decentralization
    ► Nationalization
    ► Denationalization
    Page 131
    The potential providers of service were required to bid a cash value to acquirethe franchising of train services in Great Britain after denationalization.
    Question No: 38 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
    The _____________layer has allowed many ultra violet rays to directly enter the earth which causes many skin and other diseases.
    Depletion of ozone
    Reduction of forests
    Pollution of water
    None of the above
    Question No: 39 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
    Angel investors generally seek returns of
    20-30%
    30-40%
    40-50%
    50-60%
    Page 124
    Angel investors generally
    seek returns of 20-30% and more extensive involvement in the business.
    Question No: 40 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
    Pakistan still spends about 1.3 - 1.4 percent of its _________ on PPP projects
    GDP
    GNP
    GNI
    None of the above
    Page 135
    While some countries had sustained investment flows in PPPs, Pakistan still spends about 1.3 - 1.4 percent of its GDP on PPP projects and that too is mostly concentrated on power generation and telecommunications sector.
    Question No: 41 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
    The ___________ of both the Govt. and private organizations have a very important role to play for the success or the failure of the Public Private Partnership.
    Culture
    Funding
    Personnel
    None of the above
    Question No: 42 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
    In any of the PPP, once the agreement has been made, it is very important that the project should be closely __________
    Monitored(Not Sure)
    Funded
    Handled
    None of the above
    Question No: 43 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose on
    Which of the following gives NO useful information about the level of income of a country?
    None of the above
    Real GDP per capita
    Annual growth rate
    Inflation
    Question No: 44 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
    Which of the following is NOT included in the domain of Education?
    Adult literacy
    Primary enrollment ratio
    Primary drop-out ratio
    Inflation
    Question No: 45 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
    Access to health, Access to education, Access to water and Access to sanitation are all included in ____________ disparities.
    Male-Female
    Rural-Urban
    Elder-Younger
    None of the above
    See page 120
    Question No: 46 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
    ________ is a form of decentralization in which authority is delegated to field personnel of central government departments and other agencies.
    Deconcentration
    Devolution(Not sure)
    Centralization
    None of the above
    Question No: 48 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
    For which of the following NGO’s, INGO stands for:
    International NGO
    Environmental NGO
    Business-oriented NGO
    None of the above


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    Question No: 50 ( Marks: 3 )
    <img width="589" height="1">What are those three questions which need to be answered before investing money in the Private Partnership?
    There are certain questions that can provide insight into the structure of any business that you are considering investing with. Taking the time to do your research can help you determine if your investment can be profitable for years into the future. Giving into a tip or trend business without really understanding who you are investing with can be both risky and foolish. Listed below are several key questions that can help you determine if investing in your business of choice is right for you. Here are some things you should consider before investing in any business-
    Does the business have products or services that have sufficient market potential to make possible a sizeable increase in sales for at least several years?
    A business that caters to a trend market or is unable to sustain itself for several years will not be a good long-term investment.
    Does the management of the business have a determination to continue to develop products or processes that will still further increase total sales potential when the growth potential of currently attractive product lines have largely been exploited? If the management of the business is only it for the short-term for long term profitability you should take your money elsewhere.
    Does the business have an above-average sales organization? Sales drives growth and profit. No matter how good the product or service if the company does not have the best sales staff it simply will not grow.
    Does the business have a worthwhile profit margin?
    Do not make the mistake of confusing cash flow with profit. A cash-rich business can still be making very little profit. Understanding exactly how much profit is being made will determine if your investment is worthwhile. In addition you should also be considering what the management of the business is doing in order to maintain or improve their profit margins.
    Does the business have outstanding labor and personnel relations? Do you want to invest with a business that does not treat their employees well? This is often a tell-tale sign that the core of the business is not good. Poor employee relations are often a red flag to take your money elsewhere.
    Does the business have depth to its management?
    Competent and experienced management will help grow the business, increase profit and grow your investment. Knowing who and how they are running the business is crucial before making any investment.
    How good are the business' cost analysis and accounting controls? If the business is bleeding money through uncontrolled costs and account you can be sure that your investment will be a part of that. This is a problem that must be addressed before any investment is made.
    Are there other aspects of the business that are somewhat peculiar to the industry involved that will give the investor important clues as to how the company will be in relation to its competition?
    While you do not have to know everything about the business and the industry you are investing in it can be helpful to at least be knowledgeable. There are enough great investment opportunities that potential investors should go with that they know.
    Does the business have a short-range or long-range outlook in regard to profits?
    Everyone wants to make money now but in order to maximize your investment you need to be somewhat assured that the business is on track to make money in the future.

    Does the management of the business talk freely to investors about its affairs when things are going well and "clam up" when troubles or disappointments occur?
    This is an indication of how sound your investment will really be. If the management of the company has unquestioned integrity and great communication this may be the right investment for you any doubts about this and financial experts recommend looking elsewhere for another opportunity.



    Question No: 51 ( Marks: 5 )
    <img width="589" height="1">Explain how educating girls and women is beneficial for women empowerment.

    Investing in Girls' Education Improves Health and National Income
    In Pakistan and Afghanistan female literacy rates are at 36 and 13 percent, respectively. Religious extremists obstruct female education and want to keep women out of public life. Poverty and distance also keep parents from sending their daughters to school. Greg Mortenson and CAI not only build schools, but also provide vocational training for women, especially in maternal health. Last summer CAI held a midwife training program at a clinic in Pakistan's CharpursanValley near the Afghan border. It has been shown that girls who receive quality primary education lead more productive lives and contribute to the health of their families.
    Investing in Girls' Education Yields High Returns
    Greg Mortenson often points to three areas where increased female literacy makes a difference in society:

    • Infant mortality rate: the better educated women are, the less likely their babies are to die


    • Population growth: educated women tend to have fewer babies. A 2000 study in Brazil found that literate women had an average of 2.5 children, while illiterate women had an average of 6 children, according to UNESCO


    • Quality of Life: Girls' education leads to increased income for the girls themselves and for nations as a whole. Educated farmers are more efficient and their farms are more productive.

    Teaching girls to read and write reduces the ignorance and poverty that fuel religious extremism and lays a groundwork for prosperity and peace. Greg Mortenson believes that sustainable peace is a viable option in the region, but military might alone will certainly not do it. Sustainable peace will result from good relationships with the elders and local communities.
    Creating intergenerational education benefits.
    Mothers’ education is a significant variable affecting children’s education attainment and opportunities. A mother with a few years of formal education is considerably more likely to send her children to school. In many countries each additional year of formal education completed by a mother translates into her children remaining in school for an additional one-third to one-half year.
    Increasing women’s labor force participation rates and earnings.
    Education has been proven to increase income for wage earners and increase productivity for employers, yielding benefits for the community and society.


    Question No: 52 ( Marks: 5 )
    <img width="589" height="1"> Explain Franchising with reference to *****************Public-private partnership.

    Franchising: In this case government awards license to a business or not-for-profit organization to
    deliver a public service in which the service provider’s revenue is in the form of user fees. In both
    franchising and contracting-out, government is the arranger and a private organization is the producer, but the two modes differ in terms of payment to the producer, in case of contracting-out, government pays franchised services. The potential providers of service were required to bid a cash value to acquire the franchising of train services in Great Britain after denationalization. The customer revenue stream flowed to the franchise holder, but there were also public subsidies to maintain services on socially desirable routes. Franchising provides a means of transferring operational responsibility



    Question No: 53 ( Marks: 5 )
    <img width="589" height="1"> Describe benefits of debt relief in relation to mobilizing resources.
    The Benefits of Debt Relief

    Debt relief options are designed to provide much needed relief to individuals or families who are in debt. This relief can be what saves many individuals from financial and emotional turmoil. Seeking debt relief is not the only way to get out of debt, but it sometimes the only way that many individuals are able continue on with their life. To an individual or family in debt the benefits of debt relief can literally be lifesaving.
    There are many benefits of debt relief that are obvious, but others may not be. One of the most obvious benefits of debt relief is that it is way out of debt. Debt relief options, such as debt consolidation programs and debt settlements, may not get you debt right away, but you will be on the right path. They offer individuals relief from having to pay their debt when they may not have the entire money do to so.
    The end of collection letters and multiple phone calls from creditors or collection agencies is another one of the many benefits of debt relief. It is not uncommon to receive collection letters or phone calls from businesses trying to collect money that is owed to them. It understandable that businesses you owe money to would want to contact you, but after time these phone calls or letters could become threatening. Seeking debt relief will not make your debt disappear overnight, but it is a crucial step in getting debt paid off. When a creditor learns that you are participating in a debt relief program they are reassured that their money will be on the way; thus making collection attempts unnecessary.
    One of the most important benefits of debt relief is that you are working to get your finances back on track. Many individual who experience debt do not realize the impact that an unpaid bill can have on their future. When an unpaid bill is displayed on a credit report it is often hard for that individual to obtain money through financial lenders. An unpaid bill on a credit report can have a negative impact on your future when trying to purchase a home, a vehicle, obtain a personal loan or a credit card. Participating in a debt relief program will often lessen the amount of money that you have to pay to a creditor. This lesser amount may make it easier for you to pay your overdue bills.
    One of the benefits of debt relief that often goes unnoticed is what you learned from the experience. Debt is bad to have, but it is not the end of the world. In fact, debt is so common that it is likely that just about every individual will experience some sort of debt problem. Debt relief provides individuals with debt assistance. Once out of debt many individuals will keep that experience and everything that they learned about debt with them. Once an individual is free and clear of debt they very seldom return to it.
    The above mentioned benefits of debt relief are just a few of the many. Debt relief help is easy to obtain and with all of the benefits of debt relief there is no reason why you or anyone else should have to stay in debt any longer then you have to.


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