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Thread: MCM404 Globalization of Media assignment no1 solution spring 2011

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    MCM404 Globalization of Media assignment no1 solution spring 2011

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    How do you see the ongoing unrest situation our Baluchistan Province? What can
    be done to diffuse this situation? Give valid and applicable suggestions.
    Solution:-
    The law and order situation in Balochistan is deteriorating each day. “People from
    minority communities and human rights activists are not safe in the province,” it is high
    time for the government to take necessary steps to maintain peace in the volatile region
    otherwise the situation will go out of control and turn into a civil war. Despite the
    presence of paramilitary troops in different districts, the crime rate is increasing and
    people are being whisked away in front of security officials.
    Human Rights commission demanded that the government take immediate and concrete
    steps to maintain peace in Balochistan. Protesters also urged for the early recovery of
    missing persons and a high-level probe on the recovery of decomposed bodies.
    The Unrest Situation from 1971 to 2011:-
    Bangladesh achieved independence from the Pakistani rule in 1971, the Balochs of
    Balochistan rose in revolt against the Punjabi-dominated federal Government demanding
    an independent Baloch state. Amongst the leaders of the independence movement were
    Khair Bux Marri, Sherroo alias Tiger Marri and Ataullah Khan Mengal.
    2. The revolt was triggered off by discrimination against the Balochs in matters such as
    educational facilities, recruitment to the Armed Forces and other Government
    departments, economic development etc. There has been no worthwhile economic
    development in the area despite its being rich in oil, gas and other natural resources.
    3. Another subsequent cause for anger is the large-scale influx of Pashtuns from the
    North-West Frontier Province (NWFP) of Pakistan and Afghanistan, officially
    encouraged by the Army, and re-settlement of Punjabi ex-servicemen in order to reduce
    the Balochs to a minority in their homeland.
    4. The regime of Zulfiquar Ali Bhutto, then in power in Islamabad, crushed the revolt
    ruthlessly, using the Army and the Air Force. Khair Bux Marri, Tiger Marri and their
    followers took shelter in Afghanistan, while Ataullah Khan Mengal went into political
    exile in the UK. After the collapse of the Najibullah Government in Kabul in 1992,
    Khair Bux Marri, Tiger Marri and their followers returned to Pakistan. Tiger Marri died
    in 1993. Ataullah Khan Mengal too returned to Balochistan, but subsequently went back
    to the UK.
    5.The Baloch nationalist movement became dormant for some years. However, since the
    beginning of last year, there are signs of a revival of the movement due to heightened
    anger amongst the Balochs against the Pakistani Army and the federal Government.
    While the feelings of alienation, which triggered off the revolt of the 1970s, remain as
    strong as they were 30 years ago, certain additional reasons have aggravated them.
    6. The more important amongst them are the non-payment of adequate royalty to the
    people of Balochistan for the gas found in their territory, which has contributed to the
    economic development of Punjab, without any economic benefits for the Balochs; the
    displacement of a large number of poor Balochs by the construction of the Gwadar port
    and town with Chinese assistance without adequate compensation; the re-settlement of a
    large number of Punjabi and Pashtun ex-servicemen in Balochistan to work in the
    Gwadar port and Mekran coastal highway projects, in violation of the Government
    assurances that preference would be given to the sons of the soil for work in the projects;
    violation of the labour rights of the people employed by the Chinese construction
    company which is building the port; and the setting-up of three new cantonments by the
    army in Balochistan.
    7. The anger over the non-payment of adequate royalty for the gas being supplied to
    Punjab and Sindh has led to a number of incidents of sabotage of the gas pipelines and
    attacks involving the use of explosives and landmines directed against the staff employed
    for the protection of the pipelines. As a result, there have been frequent incidents of
    disruption of gas supply. Despite the allocation of an additional sum of Rs.600 million by
    the federal Government for raising a new security force to guard the pipelines, acts of
    sabotage and other violent incidents continue to occur. In the latest incide

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