Q1:What is the significance of Research and Development for an organization?
Q2:What are strengths and weaknesses of an organization? Explain with the help of examples.
Q3; customer analysis
Q4:what is market penetration strategy and Give at least two examples of multinational or local firms that are operating in Pakistan.
* what are possible decisions taken by operational manager while managing workforce 3 marks
* vertical integration is degree to which the firm owns its upstream and down stream buyers, what are benefits if firm goes for vertical integration? (3)
* customer analysis and its significance (5)
* Two examples of Multi national local firms operating in Pakistan and have initiated backward integration justify ur answer (5)

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