Cost accounting 186 assignments

ALLAMA IQBAL OPEN UNIVERSITY ISLAMABAD
(Department of Business Administration



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COST ACCOUNTING 186 Assignments Spring Semester 2014


CHECKLIST


SEMESTER: SPRING 2014



This packet comprises the following material:

1. Text Book (one)
2. Course Outline
3. Assignment No. 1, 2
4. Assignment Forms ( 2 sets )

In this packet, if you find anything missing out of the above mentioned material, please contact at the address given below:

Director
Admission and Mailing
Allama Iqbal Open University
H-8, Islamabad


Mahmood-ul-Hasan
Course Coordinator

ALLAMA IQBAL OPEN UNIVERSITY, ISLAMABAD
(Department of Business Administration)

WARNING
1. PLAGIARISM OR HIRING OF GHOST WRITER(S) FOR SOLVING THE ASSIGNMENT(S) WILL DEBAR THE STUDENT FROM AWARD OF DEGREE/CERTIFICATE, IF FOUND AT ANY STAGE.
2. SUBMITTING ASSIGNMENTS BORROWED OR STOLEN FROM OTHER(S) AS ONE’S OWN WILL BE PENALIZED AS DEFINED IN “AIOU PLAGIARISM POLICY”.

ASSIGNMENT No. 1
Course: Cost Accounting (186) Semester: Spring 2014
Level: BBA Total Marks: 100

Q. 1 (a) How cost accounting can be used in service organizations?
(b) What are the uses and objectives of job order costing? (20)

Q. 2 From the following information extracted from the record of M/s Nasir Corporation for the year ending December 31, 1990 calculate: (20)
1. Prime Cost
2. Conversion Cost at Normal
3. Cost of Goods Sold at Normal & at Actual
4. Gross Profit Rate on Sale
5. Gross Profit Rate on Cost
Information Given:
Direct Material “A” Rs.
Inventory on 1-1-1990 15,000
Purchases during the year 80,000
Inventory on 31-12-1990 7,000
Director Material “B”
Inventory on 1-1-1990 3,000
Purchases during the year 67,000
Inventory on 31-12-1990 8,000
Direct labour cost 70,000
Factory overhead cost (applied) 90% of direct labour cost
Factory overhead cost (Actual) 80,000
Increase in work in process inventory during the year 40,000
Decrease in finished goods inventory during the year 30,000
Sales 380,000

Q. 3 Record the following transactions in Stores ledger, pricing the materials under
(a) FIFO method (b) LIFO method (c) Weighted Average method (20)
May 1 Balance 50 units at Rs.20 per unit
3 Received 300 units at Rs.25 per unit
5 Issued 200 units
7 Issued 120 units
8 Received back 10 units (issued on 7th May)
10 Returned to Vendor 15 units purchased on 3rd May
15 Received 200 units at Rs.27
18 Issued 150 units
19 Issued 50 units
The stock verifier found a shortage of 8 units on 20th and left a note.

Q. 4 Ahsan Corporation reported the following data for its department 2.
Received in from department 50000 units
Transferred out to department 35500 units
In process (3/4 Lab & O/H) 9500 units

All mat were put in process in department 1. Costing department collected following figures from department 2.
Unit cost of units received in Rs.1.80
Lab cost in department 2 Rs.27520
Applied F.O.H. Rs.15480

Required: A cost of production report for department 2. (20)

Q. 5 How Factory overhead variance is helpful in decision making? (20)


ASSIGNMENT No. 2
Total Marks: 100

Q. 1 What are the various incentive schemes available for labor? Which of them do you prefer most? (20)

Q. 2 Following data are extracted from the estimates prepared by Royal chemical.
Industries for the coming accounting year:

Lighting Rs.18,000 Power Rs.149,400
Payroll Taxes 10,500 Canteen expenses 70,000
Rent of Factory 60,000 Depreciation 65,000
Storeroom expenses 85,000 Internal Transport 30,000



Following further data are also available:
Service Departments Production
Department
A B X Y Z
Direct materials (Rs.) 5,000 7,500 150,000 65,000 22,500
Direct wages (Rs.) 22,500 30,000 52,500 75,000 82,500
Value of assets (Rs.) 70,000 75,000 125,000 250,00 130,000
Horse power hours 440 2,000 7,000 7,000 6,000
Area in Sq. Feet 300 450 1,800 1,800 2,400
Relative wattage 200 300 600 600 700
Number of employees 15 20 35 50 55
Proportion of internal transport usage 1 1 5 2 3
Cost of service departments are prorated only to production departments. Costs of service departments A and B are apportioned in the ratio of direct wages and direct materials respectively.
Required: Prepare a sheet showing apportionment of costs to production department. (20)

Q. 3 Cost of an article at a capacity level of 5,000 units is given under A below. For a variation of 20% in capacity above or below this level the individual expenses vary as indicated under B below:
A B
Materials cost Rs.25,000 100% varying
Labor cost 15,000 100% varying
Power 1,250 60% varying
Repairs & maintenance 2,000 75% varying
Stores 1,000 100% varying
Inspection 500 40% varying
Depreciation 10,000 100% varying
Administrative overhead 5,000 40% varying
Selling overhead 3,000 40% varying
Rs.62,750
Cost per unit Rs.12.55

Required: Find unit cost of the product under each individual expense at production levels of 4,000 units and 6,000 units. (20)

Q. 4 (a) What are the various techniques for preparing an annual budget? (20)
(b) What kind of budget needs to be prepared for a newly established business?

Q. 5 Make a comparative study of budgets and standards? (20)

COST ACCOUNTING
COURSE OUTLINE (BBA-186)

Unit-1: Introduction
1.1. The definition of Cost Management
1.2. The Organizational Chart
1.3. The Scope of Cost Accounting
1.4. Limitations of Financial Accounting
1.5. Distinction with Financial Accounting
1.6. Cost Accounting Principles and Practices

Unit-2: The Cost Accounting Cycle
2.1. The Basics of Cost Accounting Information System
2.2. The Manufacturing Cost Accounting Cycle
2.3. Factory ledger
2.4. General ledger
2.5. Cost of goods manufactured and sold statement
2.6. Financial statements

Unit-3: Job Order Costing
3.1 Nature of Job order costing
3.2 Flow of costs
3.3 Cost accumulation procedure
3.4 Treatment of material, labor and FOH cost
3.5 Job cost sheets

Unit-4: Process Costing
4.1 Process Costing – Introduction
4.2 Product Flow
4.3 Material, Labor and FOH Treatments
4.4 The Cost of Production Report
4.5 Difficulties Encountered in Process Costing

Unit-5: Materials
5.1 Forecasting Materials
5.2 Material Procurement and Use
5.3 Material Costing Methods
5.4 Economic Order Quantity
5.5 Material Controls

Unit-6: Labor Costing
6.1 Basics for Labor Cost Control
6.2 Labor Performance Reports
6.3 Incentive Wage Plans
6.4 Recording Labor Costs
6.5 Use of computers in calculation of labor costs
Unit-7: Planning and Control of Factory Overhead
7.1 Factory Overhead (Pre-determined rate, applied & actual)
7.2 FOH Variance Analysis
7.3 The Concept of Departmentalization
7.4 Departmental Overhead Rates and Variances
7.5 Overhead Departmentalization in Non-Manufacturing Business

Unit-8: Budgeting
8.1 Definition, Advantages of Budgets
8.2 Principles of Budgeting
8.3 The Master Budget – A Network of Inter-relationship
8.4 Sales, Production and Cash Budgets
8.5 Zero-based Budgeting
8.6 The concept of Flexible Budget – Different Dimensions

Unit-9: Control through Standard Costs
9.1 Standard Cost Defined
9.2 Comparison of Budgets and Standards
9.3 Setting Standards – Ideal Versus Practical Standards
9.4 Variances, calculation and analysis
9.5 Responsibility and Control of Variances

Recommended Books
Title Author Publisher
1. Cost Accounting – Matz – Usury National Book Foundation,
Planning and Control Islamabad.
(Latest Edition)

2. Managerial Accounting Ray H. Garrison Irvine, USA.
(5th Edition)

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