FINALTERM EXAMINATION
Spring 2009
ACC311- Fundamentals of Auditing

Marks: 81

Question No: 1 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
Which one of the following is an objective of the internal audit?

  • To report on financial statements
  • To check accounting system and internal control are operating efficiently
  • To determine the accuracy of financial statement values and disclosures
  • To establish a control system in the company


Question No: 2 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
Which one of the following statements is NOT correct in respect of the internal auditor?

  • The scope of audit performed by internal auditors is primarily in respect of financial
  • report audits
  • An internal auditor does not require a license to practice
  • Internal auditors are usually employed by companies and government units
  • Primary responsibility of the internal auditor is to the board of directors


Question No: 3 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
After how many days the Securities and Exchange Commission
may appoint the auditors, if the
Directors of a company could not appoint the auditors to fill casual vacancy? (Companies Ordinance,
1984)

  • 30 days
  • 60 days
  • 80 days
  • 120 days


Question No: 4 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
Suppose that during audit of a company, an auditor accepted the schedule of bad debts furnished
by the client, though it was apparent that debts were not recoverable. The auditor shall be held
liable for which one of the following liabilities?

  • Liability for negligence
  • Liability for misfeasance
  • Criminal liability
  • Personal liability


Question No: 5 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
The books of accounts of a company should be kept at which one of the following offices?
(Companies Ordinance, 1984)

  • Registered office of the company
  • Accounts office of the company
  • Record office of the company
  • Registrar office


Question No: 6 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
Which of the following is one of the most fundamental and effective internal controls?

  • Increased use of computers for recording accounting transactions
  • Increased reliance on internal auditors to monitor accounting systems
  • Segregation of incompatible duties across several people
  • Having internal auditors report only to the Board of Directors


Question No: 7 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
Which of the following is NOT a major component of an internal control system?

  • Risk assessment
  • Staffing
  • Control procedures/activities
  • Information and communication system


Question No: 8 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
An audit firm audited a Leather Manufacturing company and presented its report addressed to the
management. They found significant material misstatements in the company s internal controls
system. They strongly recommended that there should be sufficient controls in existence to ensure
management can effectively control the business operations. In your opinion, auditors are
emphasizing on which one of the following categories of SOAP MAPS?

  • Authorization
  • Management and Monitoring
  • Arithmetic and Accounting
  • Segregation of duties


Question No: 9 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
Which of the following statements best describes the purpose of an internal control questionnaire
(ICQ)?

  • An internal control questionnaire is a series of questions regarding accounting and control
  • policies and procedures that the auditor considers necessary to prevent all misstatements in the financial report
  • An internal control questionnaire is a series of questions regarding accounting and control
  • policies and procedures that the auditor considers necessary to prevent material misstatements in the financial report
  • An internal control questionnaire is a series of questions regarding accounting and control
  • policies and procedures that the auditor considers necessary to detect material misstatements in the financial report
  • An internal control questionnaire is a series of questions prepared by the entity about the
  • entity's accounting and control policies and procedures for which the entity seeks guidance on
  • from the auditor in order to detect material misstatements in the financial report


Question No: 10 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
A Beverages company is being audited by an audit firm. Audit procedures are being undertaken in all of its departments. During this, the audit team has to spend more time on physical examination of the company assets to get reliable audit evidence. In your opinion, auditors are considering which type of audit inquiry in this case?

  • Recalculations
  • Inspection of tangible assets
  • Analytical procedures
  • Confirmations


Question No: 11 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
Which one of the following matters should be included in the letter of representation?

  • Existence of any immaterial mistake in the statements
  • Existence of any fraud or error in the statements
  • Company s growth trend in the future in figures
  • Market value of the company s stock


Question No: 12 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
Which one of the following may NOT be a type of control of the purchase cycle of an entity?

  • Receipt of goods
  • Invoicing and returns
  • Invoicing and credit notes
  • Purchase ledger and suppliers


Question No: 13 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
While testing the purchase system of an entity, which one of the following control tests may be applied to the Credit Notes by the auditors?

  • Evidence of matching credit notes to goods returned notes
  • Evidence of approval of credit notes
  • Evidence of a sequence check
  • Proof of issuance date


Question No: 14 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
During the audit work of testing the purchase system of an entity, which one of the following
control tests may be applied to the Payables Ledger by the auditors?

  • Evidence of authorization of adjustments to payables ledger
  • Evidence of review of reconciliation of purchase ledger listing
  • Evidence of authorization of adjustments to payable ledger control account
  • Evidence of authorization of adjustments to purchase ledger


Question No: 15 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
Which one of the following possible misstatements related to payroll does not involve the audit objective of Validity?

  • Payments to fictitious employees
  • Payments to terminated employees
  • Payments to valid employees who have not worked
  • Payments to valid employees at a rate in excess of the authorized amount


Question No: 16 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
In order to ensure effective control, how often a full inventory count should be held when
perpetual inventory records are not kept adequately?

  • On a daily basis
  • At least once a year
  • At least monthly
  • At least weekly


Question No: 17 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
An oil exploring company employs 1500 personal in its international market. All of its personnel are paid on monthly basis. The company should compensate them in which form of payment?

  • Salary
  • Cheque
  • Wages
  • None of the given option


Question No: 18 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
For the purpose of keeping effective control in the cash system, who should have no access to the cash or the preparation of the paying-in slip?

  • Sales ledger personnel
  • Teller/cashier
  • Cash officers
  • Operations manager


Question No: 19 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
When should the petty cash book entries be made?

  • At the day end
  • Next day
  • Promptly
  • Monthly


Question No: 20 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
How often the physical inspection of non current assets should be carried out?

  • Rarely
  • Periodically
  • Never
  • Daily


Question No: 21 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
In which one of the following ways auditors can choice the verification techniques in a given
  • set of circumstances?
  • It depends upon the available audit evidence to the auditor
  • It depends upon the nature of business operations of the entity
  • It depends upon the audit procedures planned by the auditor
  • It depends upon the judgmental skills of the auditor


Question No: 22 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
Which one of the following may NOT ensure that the movement in share capital of a company is properly authorized and correctly shown and described in accordance with the Companies Ordinance, 1984?

  • Check that directors were authorized to allot shares
  • Agree authorized capital with memorandum of association
  • Consider special rules for allotments of public company shares
  • Test payments with supporting evidence and trace entries in register


Question No: 23 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
Which one of the following testing objectives refers to the management assertion Occurrence
in obtaining audit evidence?

  • Assets shown include all rights under the control of the enterprise
  • Transactions and events that have been recorded have occurred and pertain to the entity
  • The amounts at which assets and liabilities are stated is correct
  • Assets and liabilities included on the balance sheet actually exist


Question No: 24 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
Which one of the following certain expense items may be verified in order to keep control of
stock-in-trade and stores & spares?

  • Interest on short term loan
  • Accumulated depreciation on assets
  • Director s fees
  • Wages and salaries


Question No: 25 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
Which one of the following is NOT an advantage of using statistical sampling?

  • It aids in the design of an efficient sample
  • It allows the auditor to measure the sufficiency of the evidential matter obtained
  • It allows the auditor to greatly reduce substantive testing
  • It provides means for mathematically measuring the degree of sampling risk


Question No: 26 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
Which one of the following is an underlying feature of random-based selection of items?

  • Each stratum of the accounting population be given equal representation in the sample
  • All items in the accounting population be randomly ordered.
  • Every item in the population should have an opportunity to be selected
  • Every item must be systematically selected using replacement


Question No: 27 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
Which one of the following matters is generally included in an auditor's engagement letter?

  • Management's responsibility for the entity's compliance with laws and regulations
  • The factors to be considered in setting preliminary judgments about materiality
  • Management's vicarious liability for illegal acts committed by its employees
  • The auditor's responsibility to search for significant internal control deficiencies


Question No: 28 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
What should be the next step of an auditor after establishing the overall audit strategy of an
entity?

  • To develop an audit plan
  • To define the scope of audit
  • To determine the focus of engagement team efforts
  • To determine the objectives of audit


Question No: 29 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
The establishment of the overall audit strategy involves the following EXCEPT:

  • To determine the characteristics of the engagement
  • To ascertain the reporting objectives of the engagement
  • To consider the important factors i.e. materiality levels, higher risks of material misstatement etc.
  • To guide the development of detailed business activities to occur in future


Question No: 30 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
Which one of the following mainly affects the auditor s opinion?

  • Agreement on accounting policies
  • Limitation on the scope of the auditor s work
  • Dispute among the members of the company
  • Future prospects of the company s growth


Question No: 31 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
Which one of the following matters does NOT affect Auditor s Opinion?

  • When there is a limitation on the scope of the auditor s work
  • When there is a disagreement with management regarding the accounting policies selected
  • When there is a disagreement with management regarding the method of applying accounting policies
  • When an auditor modify the auditor s report by adding a paragraph to highlight a material matter


Question No: 32 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
Tracing selected shipments to the sales journal to be sure that each one is included is a test of which of the following?

  • Accuracy
  • Classification
  • Completeness
  • Existence


Question No: 33 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
Which one of the following best describes the term Input VAT?

  • Input VAT is charged on a firm when it makes its purchases
  • Input VAT is charged on a firm when it makes its investments
  • Input VAT is charged on a firm when it produces highly quality products
  • Input VAT is charged on a firm when it exports the products


Question No: 34 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
The duties of the wages staff should preferably be rotated during the year when the salary
payment is made by which of the following systems?

  • By cheque
  • In cash
  • By demand draft
  • Direct transfer to employees bank account


Question No: 35 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
Which of the following are the three audit objectives that are most important for cash, and that receive the greatest attention during the audit?

  • Existence, accuracy, and completeness
  • Existence, cutoff, and presentation
  • Accuracy, cutoff, and presentation & disclosure
  • Completeness, realizable value, and cutoff


Question No: 36 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
Which one of the following is most likely to indicate fraud?

  • Several overpayments are made for goods received from a supplier
  • The year end cash balance does not include cash in transit to the company at year-end
  • A check received after year end was inadvertently recorded as if received before year-end
  • A documented loan is sanctioned to an officer of the company


Question No: 37 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
When an auditor increases the assessed level of control risk because certain control activities
were determined to be ineffective, which of the following would most likely be increased by the auditor?

  • Extent of tests of controls
  • Level of detection risk
  • Extent of tests of details
  • Level of inherent risk


Question No: 38 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
Which one of the following statements is TRUE regarding control procedures?

  • They are not required if the control environment is strong
  • They should generally be all manual
  • They should generally be all automated
  • They can be either manual or automated


Question No: 39 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
Which one of the following statements does not apply to the Institute of Chartered Accountants of Pakistan (ICAP) in Pakistan?

  • An autonomous body incorporated under the Chartered Accountants Ordinance 1961
  • Regulatory body that formulates auditing standards in Pakistan
  • Its affairs are run by a council which is elected by its member (Chartered Accountants).
  • ICAP is a member of the International Federation of Accountants (IFAC)


Question No: 40 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
Which one of the following statements indicates a primary difference between an operational
audit and a compliance audit?

  • Operational audit focuses on business efficiencies and effectiveness, while compliance audit focuses on whether laws and other requirements are being followed
  • Operational audit focuses on reliability of the financial statements, while compliance audit focuses on whether laws and other requirements are being followed
  • Operational audit focuses on business growth prospects, while a compliance audit focuses on reliability of the financial statements
  • Operational audit focuses on business size and potential to grow, while compliance audit focuses on reliability of accounting records


Question No: 41 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
Which one of the following primary assertions is satisfied when an auditor ensures that there is no false transaction recorded and all recorded transactions have actually taken place?

  • Occurrence
  • Completeness
  • Existence
  • Rights and obligations


Question No: 42 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
Following are the points considered during the verification of bank balances EXCEPT:

  • Obtain direct bank confirmation
  • Investigate about outstanding stale cheques
  • Investigate any significant reconciling items of an unusual nature
  • Ensure that the creditors have been paid for their loan amount


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Question No: 43 ( Marks: 3 )
Enlist the typical control procedures at key stages of the sales cycle.
Solution:

  • Obtain direct bank confirmation
  • Investigate about outstanding stale cheques
  • Investigate any significant reconciling items of an unusual nature
  • Ensure that the creditors have been paid for their loan amount


Question No: 44 ( Marks: 3 )
What steps an auditor should take in order to ensure that the reserves are properly classified and
described in the accounts in accordance with the Companies Ordinance, 1984?

Question No: 45 ( Marks: 3 )
Throughout the 1960s and 70s, the largest accounting firms devoted extensive resources to the
development and implementation of statistical sampling procedures. Enlist several sample
selection methods now available to an auditor for selecting items in the populations.

Question No: 46 ( Marks: 5 )
Suppose you have been appointed as an auditor of a manufacturing company. You are at the stage
of testing the purchase system. According to your knowledge of Auditing Standards, what control
objectives would you develop in respect of the Purchase system of the entity?

Question No: 47 ( Marks: 5 )
Discuss the factors which influence auditor s judgment regarding sample size for tests of control.

Question No: 48 ( Marks: 10 )
Suppose that your supervisor has asked you to carry out an internal control review of the
inventory system of a manufacturing company. What internal control procedures would you
examine in respect of the following functions of the inventory system?
1. Arithmetical Accuracy
2. Control Accounts
3. Access to Assets and Records

Question No: 49 ( Marks: 10 )
A company has hired auditors at the year end. Auditors used audit sampling techniques which
made them enable to gather audit evidence efficiently. State the objectives auditors might have
defined first to achieve by using sampling techniques and also briefly explain further steps the
auditors might undertake to complete the sampling process.