(STA 630 Approx. 267 solved MCQ’s)


Who, among the following, wrote the book "Research Methods for Business"?
► Zikmund, W.
► Sekaran, U.
► Dessler, G.
► Neuman, W.C.

Question No: 2 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
What does an empiricist believe?
► All the knowledge that we have of life after death can be used in research.
► Knowledge in the form of ‘facts’ should be gained through sensory experience.
► Research conducted within the British Empire was biased and unreliable.
► Research should not always necessarily rely on the scientific methods.

Question No: 3 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
Action research usually takes place in a single school because;
► It is designed to answer questions about improving practice in a particular setting.
► It is difficult to secure permission to study students in multiple schools.
► Teachers do not have the necessary skills to conduct research across multiple settings.
► Data collection methods used in action research are designed for single settings.

Question No: 4 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
Which of the following is characteristic of action research?
► Variables are tightly controlled.
► Results are generalizable.
► Results demonstrate cause-and-effect relationships.
► Data are usually qualitative.

Question No: 5 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
Which of the following statements is TRUE for qualitative research question?
► It asks a question about some process, or phenomenon to be explored.
► It is generally an open-ended question.
► It asks a question which may be open ended.
► It asks a closed ended question.

Question No: 6 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
Which of the following is NOT an example of quantitative variable?
► Age
► Grade point average
► Gender
► Motivation

Question No: 7 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
In research, something that does not “vary” is known as:
► Variable
► Method
► Constant
► Control group

Question No: 8 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
The cause variable or the one that identifies forces or conditions that act on something else is known as:
► Moderating variable
► Independent variable
► Categorical variable
► Dependent variable

Question No: 9 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
Which of the following statements best defines hypothesis?
► A quantitative study.
► A tentative prediction of the results of the research.
► A qualitative research design.
► The operational definition of the study.

Question No: 10 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
Which of the following is the characteristic/s of Hypotheses in qualitative research studies?
► Hypotheses are very specific and stated prior to beginning the study.
► Hypotheses are never used.
► Hypotheses are often generated as the data are collected, interpreted, and analyzed.
► Hypotheses are always stated after the research study has been completed.

Hypothesis test may also be called as:
► Informal test
► Moderating test
► Significance test
► t-test

Question No: 12 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
Which of the following refers to "A review that only demonstrates familiarity with an area is rarely published but it often is part of an educational program is which type of review"?
► Integrative review
► Theoretical review
► Self-study review
► Historical review

Question No: 13 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
Which one of the following tasks is NOT accomplished by theoretical framework?
► Elaborate the relationship among the variables
► Explain the logic underlying the relationship between the variables.
► Describe the nature, and direction of the relationships among the variables.
► Relates the previous studies.

Question No: 14 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
Which of the following strategies is useful when defining a particular research question?
► To clearly articulate the research question, to provide operational, definitions and ensuring its testability.
► To clearly articulate the research question, outlining the conditions in which the phenomena of interest are to be investigated.
► To provide operational definitions of the ideas or concepts involved in the research.
► Ensuring that their research question is empirically testable.

Question No: 15 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
What should the business researcher be aware of when signing a confidentiality agreement?
► Any clause which limits the length of a questionnaire.
► Any clause which allows the company to comment on findings that will be published.
► Any clause which increases the level of access for the researcher.
► Any clause which guarantees the anonymity of research participants.

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Question No: 16 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
In a study of concept learning in first-graders, all of the following should happen, except;
► To help make the experience enjoyable, children should be given substantial incentives to participate.
► The children should be asked if they want to participate.
► Teachers of the children in their classes should give informed consent.
► Parents must give consent.

Question No: 17 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
Which of the following is least likely to occur as an ethical problem with electronic research?
► Privacy could be invaded.
► People are not likely to be able to stop once they have begun participating.
► Debriefing could be avoided.
► Informed consent cannot be completely monitored.

Question No: 18 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
Quantitative research has been criticised because:
► The reliance on instruments and procedures makes it high in ecological validity.
► The measurement process suggests a spurious and artificial sense of accuracy.
► It underestimates the similarities between objects in the natural and social worlds.
► It has no validity.

Question No: 19 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
Which of the following is a characteristic of a standardized test?
► The administration of the test is controlled carefully to ensure that all examinees experience the same conditions.
► The test is developed by experts to ensure it is technically sound.
► The scores are interpreted in standard ways.
► All of the given options

Question No: 20 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
Mr. Latif is measuring students' attitudes on a controversial topic. Which of the following would you recommend he use to control for the potential problem of students feeling the need to respond with socially acceptable responses?
► Ensure construct validity
► Allow anonymous responses
► Ensure reliability
► Ensure confidentiality

Question No: 21 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
Which of the following scales can measure the Temperature?
► Nominal scale
► Ordinal scale
► Interval scale
► All of the given options

Question No: 22 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
Following are the properties of nominal scale, except;
► Least powerful
► Suggest no order
► Provide categorical information
► Provide magnitude of object

Question No: 23 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
Which of the following is NOT the implication of Ordinal scale?
► Characteristics of nominal scale
► Rank the object
► Does not provide magnitude of object
► Provide rate

Question No: 24 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
Which of the following statements is correct about validity and reliability?
► When internal validity is high, external validity is low
► When internal validity is high, there is no change in external validity
► When internal validity is high, external validity is also high
► All of the given options

Question No: 25 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
When you are confident that the experimental manipulation produced the changes you measured in the dependent variable, your study probably has good ________ validity.
► Internal
► External
► Causal
► Construct

Question No: 26 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
Mr. Ali has conducted an extensive review of the literature and has deductively reasoned a hypothesis about his problem on the basis of this review. Which type of a research plan is Mr. Ali likely proposing?

► Qualitative
► Ethical
► Both quantitative and qualitative
► Quantitative

Question No: 27 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
Which of the following is a legitimate purpose of a research plan?
► It forces you to think through every aspect of a study.
► It provides detailed procedures to guide the conduct of the study.
► It provides clear roadmap of the study.
► Writing a plan facilitates the evaluation of it.