View Full Version : Discuss the Definitions?

09-08-2012, 06:35 PM
1. Land:
Land means land which is not occupied as the site of any building in a town or village and is occupied or has been let for agricultural purposes or for purposes subservient to agriculture, or for pasture and includes the site of buildings and other structures on such land.
2. Rent:
Means whatever is payable to a landlord in money, kind or service by a tenant on account of the use or occupation of land held by him.
3. Arrears of rent:
Arrears of rent means rent which remains unpaid after the date on which it becomes payable.
4. Tenant:
Means a person who holds land under another person and is, or but for a special contract would be, liable to pay rent for the land to that other person but it does not include.
(a) an inferior land owner or
(b) a mortgagee of the rights of land owner.
(c) a person to whom a holding has been let in farm under the Punjab land revenue act 1887, for the recovery of an arrears of land revenue or of a sum recoverable as such an arrear or,
5. Fstate:
Means an area.
(a) For which a separate record of rights has been made, or.
(b) Which has been separely assessed to land revenue, or would have been so assessed of the land revenue had not been released, compounded for, or redeemed or
(c) Which the provincial may, by general rule or special order, declare to be an estate of the Punjab land revenue act 1887.
6. Tenancy:
Tenancy means a parcel of land held by a tenant of a landlord under one lease or one set of conditions.
7. Landlord:
Landlord means a person under whom a tenant holds land and to whom the tenant is, or but for a special contract would be, liable to pay rent for the land. where a tenant holds land under more persons than one or some of them are not the landlords but, all of them. Collectively except where it is expressly provided so. landlord also includes the predecessors and successors in interest of a landlord.
(d) a person who takes from Govt, a lease of un-occupied land for the purpose of subletting it. tenant includes the predecessors and successors in interest of a tenant.
8. Land revenue:
Means land revenue assessed under any law for time being inforce or assessable under the land revenue act 1887 and includes.
(a) Any rate imposed in respect of the increased value of land due to irrigation and.
(b) Any sum payable in respect of land by way of quit rent or of commutation of services to the Govt. or to a person to whom the Govt has assigned the right to receive the payment.
9. Rate and cesses:
Means rates and cesses which are primarily payable by land owners and includes.
(1) The local rate, if any payable under the Punjab District Boards act 1883 and any fee leviable under Sec. 33 of the act from landowner for the use or benefits derived from such works as are referred to Sec. 20 clauses (i) and (j) of this act.
(2) Any annual rate chargeable on owners of land under Sec. 59 of Northern India canal and drainage act 1873.
(3) Sums payable on account of village expenses.
10. Village cess:
Means any contribution or due which is customarily leviable landowners and non-landowners alike within an estate for the common purposes of the inhabitants, therefore and is neither a payment for the sue of any private property or for personal service nor imposed by or under any enactment for the time being in force and dose not mean any cess contribution or due leviable not mean any cass individual resident a class of residents in the estate, or in relation to any property which is not meant for the common use of all the residents.
11. Revenue officer:
Revenue offices or revenue court in any provision of this act means a revenue office or revenue court having authority under this act to discharge the function of a revenue officer of revenue court as the case may be under that provisions.
12. Legal practioner:
Means any legal practioner within the meaning of legal practioner act 1879 except a muktiar.
13. Agricultral year:
Means the year commencing on the 16th day of June or on such other date as the provincial government may by notification appoint for any local area.
14. Notification:
Means notification published by authority provincial govt. in the official gazette.
15. Improvement:
Means with reference to a tenancy any work which is suitable to the tenancy and consistent with the conditions on which it is held by which the value of the tenancy has been continues to be increased and which if not executed on the tenancy is neither executed directly for it benefit or is after execution made directly beneficial to it.Explanation:
It includes among other things:
(a) The construction of wells and other work for the storage or supply of water for agricultural purposes.
(b) The construction of works for drainage and for protection against floods.
(c) The planting of trees the reclaiming enclosing levelling and terracing of land for agriculatral purpose and other works of a like nature.
(d) The erection of building required for the more convenient or profitable cultivation of a tenancy and the renewal or re-construction of any of the forgoing works or such alteration therein or addition thereto as are not of the nature of more repairs and as durable increase their value. but dose not include such clearances embankment levellings enclosures temporary well and water channels as are made by tenants in the ordinary course of cultivation and without any special expenditure or any other benefit according to land form the ordinary operation of husbandry.
Explanation II.
A work which benefits several tenancies may be deemed to be with respect to each of them an improvement.
Explanation III.
A work executed by a tenant is not an improvement if it is substantially diminishes the value of any other part of his landlord, s property.